Thursday, 4 December 2014

Gotham Season 1 Episode 8 'The Mask' Review

The dead body of a young investor leads Gordon and Bullock into the underworld fight club of Richard Sionis. Sionis encourages those who apply for his company to fight to the death for the auspicious roles available. Meanwhile Bruce Wayne has finally returned to school and is having trouble with bullies.

Now American television loves theming, it can’t get enough of it. This week’s episode of Gotham revolves around the theme of physical violence. Jim Gordon, following last week’s abandonment by his fellow police officers, is very angry at the world. Due to this he is far more aggressive in his attempts to bring down Sionis. Sionis is obsessed with the idea of the ‘warrior’ and his fight club is an extension of this obsession with violence. Bruce Wayne is being terrorised by a bully and is unsure of how to respond, he doesn’t know if force is something he is capable of.

Somebody stop me!
The frequent issue with theming is consistency, or more so a lack of it. Once you are using a core idea in your story you need to remain true to both the theme and the intended messages in it. Gordon’s arc is that he has been abandoned by the police, so he has become a man obsessed with justice at any cost. Now typically speaking a narrative such as this plays out in one of several ways. Either your central character has to learn a lesson or your audience learns a lesson from the characters failure to do so.

Now this episode makes an attempt to go down the first path. Gordon’s temper puts him at risk from Sionis, he is trapped and forced to take part in the fighting himself. So typically at this point Gordon would be rescued by the police and he’d learn that he can’t do everything himself; he would learn that he is only one man. Now these things do happen, but only after Gordon has successfully taken down every opponent single handed! It really confuses the message to have Gordon able to function fine by himself when the clear intended message is that he shouldn’t act alone. Jim’s obsession with law and order, the ‘correct’ way of doing things is what separates him from Batman.

Now Bruce Wayne’s story is designed to mirror Jim Gordon’s. However, Bruce comes to realise that the only way he can see justice done is if he is the one dishing it out. Bruce realises that he enjoys beating bad people up, it fills the void that his parents’ deaths left in him. This psychological underpinning is what separates the characters of Bruce Wayne and James Gordon. It is a shame that Gordon’s side of the story is somewhat messy in the intended message. Alfred’s character journey into Batman’s accomplice is also being nicely handled. Alfred seems to take great joy in Bruce’s new found enjoyment of violence, even if it is only because it is making Bruce happy again.

A mention needs to go out to the new Harvey Bullock. For whatever reason the Bullock character seems to have undergone a pretty major tonal change. The angrier Bullock, who wouldn’t risk anything for anybody, is now replaced with a kinder more sympathetic character. It is a bit of a shame to see the rough edges being removed from him but at least the dumb comedy sidekick angle seems to have been dropped.

The actual story holding together the episode is fine, it’s ok. The Sionis Investments fight club is a bit silly but the t’s have been crossed and the I’s dotted in the details, so it holds together ok. A few lines are thrown in to mention how impossible it is to get jobs in the field and how the participants have signed NDA’s. Adding some explanation of how this unbelievable situation exists goes a long way to helping the audience accept it.

So this episode of Gotham is a little confused thematically but it is still pretty strong. Fish Mooney and Oswald Cobblepot continue to shine as brilliantly played characters. We get to see another nice scene with Oswald and his mother in this episode, showing her darker side. It is a scene that shows just how much she has in common with her son. The previous episode of ‘Gotham’ marked a distinct change in the series, one that I am happy to see remains in place. Weird inconsistencies continue to plague Gotham but the big issues seem to have faded away, hopefully.  

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Gotham Season 1 Episode 7 'Penguin's Umbrella' Review

Just when I thought I was out, ‘Gotham’ keeps pulling me back in! So up to this point, ‘Gotham’ has had a somewhat uneven output. For every good and interesting episode we’ve had one that feels lazy and indulgent. With episode 7 however, ‘Penguin’s Umbrella’, things are finally starting to fall into place creatively.

So Jim Gordon has been saved from jail but he is now at the mercy of Don Falcone. When Jim refuses to accept Falcone’s summons, he is targeted by Falcone’s key enforcer, Victor Zsasz. Now as I’ve said before, ‘Gotham’ works best when it largely ignores the more fantastical parts of the mythos. Now the character of Victor Zsasz is relatively strong and could easily be adapted into a more serious world, he could be but isn’t. Where we could have the almost religious Zsasz who believes he is ‘saving’ those he kills, we instead get another cartoonish weekly supervillain. To be precise we get the Kurgan from Highlander.

That being said, Zsasz is still a credible threat. One of the nicest scenes in the episode is between Gordon and Zsasz. Zsasz arrives at the GCPD to collect Gordon, Jim believes that he will be protected by the police but they abandon him. The power play between Gordon and Zsasz is well handled and they have good chemistry. The budget this week seems to have been raised along with the stakes. The ensuing gunfight between Zsasz and Gordon would be pretty impressive for a film, let alone a weekly television show.

While Gordon fights for his life, a fight is also taking place between Maroni and Falcone. Falcone wants the return of Oswald Cobblepot; Maroni wants to keep him at his side. The back and forth attacks are brilliantly staged and directed. These scenes also give Robin Lord Taylor more opportunity to shine as the Penguin. Every new episode allows his character to grow and develop yet more unpleasant shades of the crime boss he will one day become.

Jim Gordon, having been saved by Montoya and Allen, decides to make one last stand against the corruption of the city. Gordon, along with a drunken Bullock decide to arrest the Mayor and Falcone for their crimes, even if it kills them to do so.

Now the entire episode has been very heavy on twists, most have been nothing major and they have been well handled. The final big twist of this episode is great. It is fantastic but it is also kind of stupid. I suspect that future re-watches of the series will only undermine the twist more, hence why I’m not spoiling it. To say the final twist is contrived would be a huge understatement. To tie everything up in a neat bow in this way doesn’t really fit with the tone of ‘Gotham’. Having said that it genuinely surprised me and it has left me with excitement for how things will play out from this point on, everything a cliffhanger should do.

Now this episode of ‘Gotham’ is really strong, the strongest so far. It is brilliantly paced, wonderfully directed and was a genuine pleasure to watch. That being said it still has some issues. The handling of Victor Zsasz is not brilliant and Gordon’s unexplained friendship with Bruce Wayne returns. We are constantly shown that Jim Gordon is one of Bruce’s closest friends but we don’t know why, all we know is that Jim promised to find the Wayne’s Killers but that isn’t enough. 

We as an audience know that Jim is in the extreme minority in wanting to solve the Wayne case but Bruce doesn’t know this, or if he does we haven’t seen this reveal. If ‘Gotham’ is going to continue to pretend that Batman is as interesting as his villains it needs to make a lot more effort to establish the character of Bruce Wayne, a lot more. This week has shown however that Gotham is still growing, so hopefully Bruce Wayne is next on the list of things to fix.

Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Gotham Season 1 Episode 6 'Spirit of the Goat' Review

The Spirit of the Goat has reappeared in Gotham to murder the rich children of Gotham. The Goat case was considered solved ten years earlier when Harvey Bullock gunned the mask killer down. Is a copycat killer continuing where the Goat left off or has the Spirit of the Goat returned from the dead to find a new host? Can Harvey and Jim solve the mystery before the Goat strikes again?

Why does Gotham tease me so? Every time something good happens in the program something stupid undermines it. This week’s episode makes a real effort to expand the character of Harvey Bullock. We see a flashback to ten years ago, when Bullock was idealistic and wanted to save the city. We then skip forward to the present day and follow the older, less honourable Bullock having to investigate the same case. This idea works well as it allows us to see the good in Bullock and his reawakened passion in trying to solve the case.

The problem comes in that the case is painfully easy to solve. Within seconds of being introduced to the ‘real’ killer I guessed the final twist of the episode. Now even assuming that Bullock couldn’t immediately solve the case in this way, he seems to miss vital details. Harvey and Jim know that the original Goat had keys to the victims’ houses. They also know that the new Goat can get into houses without forcing their way in. It bothers me that Jim and Harvey have to talk for several minutes to figure out that maybe the new Goat also has keys to where the victims live.

The police also don’t think to investigate the original locations of the Goat murders. I would assume that if a copycat killer were operating you would consider checking out the previous locations he killed people in? It’s nice to see the character of Bullock being given a redemptive arc but this episode largely undermines it by making him look incompetent.

While Harvey is obsessing with the case, Jim has his own problems. He is attempting to fix things with Barbara but this is complicated as Montoya and Allen, of the Major Crimes Unit, have finally managed to get a warrant for Gordon’s arrest. It’s nice to juxtapose Harvey’s redemption with Jim’s possible fall. That being said, this element of the plot takes the back seat to Harvey’s story and it might have been better served with its own episode.

Edward Nigma is vastly expanded in this episode, his compulsive nature demonstrated. I’m curious about his obsession with his co-worker, Christine Kringle and where this plot point is going. Nigma seems to be presented as somewhat comedic at this point; I hope that he doesn’t become a completely comedic character. As much as I laughed, Nigma’s question mark mug fills me with concern.

Oswald Cobblepot finally visits his mother in this episode and things get weird. Mrs Cobblepot and her son have a very strange, almost oedipal relationship. As much as this episode possibly over egged this theme, it was good to show the unconditional love of his mother. It’s easy to see why the Penguin thinks of himself as a king, given that he was brought up to believe that he is one.

Jim and Harvey’s stories intersect as all the plot points of the episode converge. The cliffhanger to this episode is pretty strong but it has already been used once already in an earlier episode. Overall this episode was reasonably strong but it could have been a lot stronger. Failed good ideas still started life as good ideas and hopefully Gotham will learn from its mistakes.  

Monday, 17 November 2014

Studio Ghibli ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ Review

‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ follows the daily adventures of the Yamada family, who live in Japan. The film is a collection of short unconnected vignettes, each of these is based on separate themes or family members. ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ is based on a comedy Manga titled ‘Nono-Chan’. This film was the first entirely digital production from Studio Ghibli.

‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ is a hard movie for me to review. I didn’t like a lot of things about the film but I struggle to find many tangible reasons for my dislike. ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ succeeds in everything it’s trying to do but I don’t really enjoy what it is.

My first immediately issue with ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ is the animation style, I don’t like it. Now I didn’t completely hate the visuals of the film, it had some really nice sequences. The scenes that mixed 3D animation with 2D designs were really nice for example. I just didn’t enjoy the overall style very much; I thought it was a bit too minimal. 

My second somewhat personal criticism is that I didn’t find the movie very funny. ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ has actual jokes but very few of them worked for me. The jokes are very broad in nature and they feel intended for the largest audience possible. They are jokes that an entire family can laugh at together. Therefore we get jokes where family members accidentally dress up in each other’s clothes or accidentally eat each other’s food. It’s all very safe and unexciting, as if developed by somebody who has had comedy described to them and is giving it a go for the first time.

Another issue with the comedy is that it is very culturally Japanese. A lot of the jokes are based around breaking cultural norms that those outside Japan don’t have. I found myself confused as Japanese social etiquettes were lampooned and I found myself unsure of where the intended joke was. As with the animation complaint, comedy is entirely subjective and I for those who like this kind of family comedy it is a good example, a harmless one at the very least.

The comedy is this movie does bring forward my first more legitimate complaint however. The pacing in this film is atrocious. The timing on the jokes is mostly fine but many of them feature a pause afterwards, as if to allow the audience to laugh. Jokes are sometimes followed with as much as five seconds of dead air, where the characters don’t move and the film seems to wait for the audience to calm down. As you might imagine this becomes incredibly frustrating if you weren’t laughing at the joke. It feels as if ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ was made for a badly behaved cinema audience, one that is easily excitable and very loud.

Although the majority of the jokes are paced fine, some jokes seem to go on for far too long. One sequence is about how eating ginger makes you forget things. This scene goes on for seemingly hours as somebody forgets something and each time the animation pauses to let us laugh at each member of the family for that exact same reason. I can’t get over how bad the post comedy pauses are, it feels like Dora the Explorer is going to ask for your help to find the joke any second.

The tone is also somewhat weird and inconsistent in ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’. An effort has been made to inject real life drama amongst the comedy scenes. This has been done to create a more balanced view of life, a life with ups and downs. The issue is that these scenes seem to come entirely out of nowhere. One sequence shows the grandmother, Shige, visiting her friend in hospital. The scene is played for comedic effect before the friend breaks down in tears and explains that she is dying. The real issue is that the tragic scenes are played out like comedic scenes, complete with a surprise depressing punchline.

The dramatic scenes that work best in ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ are the ones that feel more organic. One quite nice scene revolves around the family tackling some loud bikers and the fallout this confrontation brings. This sequence functions well because it works comedy in when necessary but lets the drama dictate the dramatic pace of the scene.

Mixing comedy with reality is always tricky. ‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ also makes an attempt to add Simpsons-like domestic violence for comedic effect. The issue being that the Simpsons is constantly exaggerated so Bart being strangled has no dramatic weight. When ‘Yamadas’ does these same types of jokes they feel far more grounded and dark. This is primarily due to the constant tonal shifts in the rest of the film, how can something be exaggerated when no normal limits have been established?

‘My Neighbours the Yamadas’ wasn’t for me. I thought it was badly paced and tonally confused. I got up three times during the film to check how much longer it would run. I was sure each time that the relatively swift, in theory, one hour and forty minutes must be coming to a close. It’s not often you look at a progress bar and find yourself hoping for ten minutes of credits.

That being said the family were instantly likable and remained so throughout. I can’t help but feel that the original Nono-Chan manga may be the best way to view these characters. Being in comic strip form would pretty much entirely remove the pacing issues of the film, allowing the audience to engage with the family at whatever pace they want. Similarly the dramatic scenes would not leap out from the page as awkwardly as they do from the screen. I don’t really know why Studio Ghibli chose to adapt it to be honest; it’s hard to see how it benefitted from the transition.

Sunday, 16 November 2014

Studio Ghibli 'Tales from Earthsea' Review

‘Tales from Earthsea’ is the black sheep of the Studio Ghibli family. Currently holding a 41% on Rotten Tomatoes, ‘Earthsea’ is the worst rated film made by the studio. Is this rating fair? Or has ‘Tales from Earthsea’ been unfairly treated? It would be very hard to entirely defend ‘Tales from Earthsea’ as it has quite a few issues. That being said I don’t believe the film is entirely without merit either.

The fundamental issue with ‘Tales from Earthsea’ is summed up in this English title. The ‘Earthsea’ series of stories spanned six books when this film was created. ‘Tales from Earthsea’ is an amalgamation based on stories from four of these books. The decision to tell several ‘Tales’ in ‘Tales from Earthsea’ creates a whole host of problems with the film, problems that a single focussed narrative would have fixed.

Who is the lead character in ‘Tales from Earthsea’? Now the smart money is with Arren, the runaway prince whom we follow throughout the film. Arren would be the sensible choice but he doesn’t really push the narrative forward at all. Sparrowhawk, conversely, is very proactive and seems to drive the majority of the narrative. Now Arren completes a character journey but he is not alone in doing that. Therru arguably changes far more throughout the film and is also far more relatable to the audience, is she the lead? Each of these characters could and in the books does, drive a narrative by themselves. Attempting to focus on three characters simultaneously causes the audience to focus on none of them.

This wouldn’t be as much of an issue if the world of ‘Earthsea’ was more accessible. We as an audience needed to be told what was happening around us, we needed a likable protagonist to experience the world via and we didn’t get one. An attempt was made to make Arren this character but the likeable part of the equation was abandoned.

Within the opening minutes Arren murders his kind father for seemingly no reason, before going on the run. For the first hour of the movie we get no explanation of why he did this or how it made him feel. For all we know he could have killed his dad because he enjoys killing, we don’t know! How are we meant to relate to a character that we don’t understand? Now as the movie goes on we discover that Arren doesn’t understand why he killed his father. How are we meant to relate to a character that can’t relate to himself?

The first hour of this film is incredibly hard to defend at all. Nothing really happens to drive the story for the first half of ‘Tales from Earthsea’ and I don’t understand why. We get almost no character development and very little plot. We just spend an hour being vaguely shown a world by characters we don’t understand and in the case of Arren, don’t like. Killing his father aside, Arren is shown to be rude, aggressive and stupid. Why would we care about what happens to him?

A lot of the issues in this film could have been fixed if it had used more time to explain the world and the characters. To waste an hour of you two hour film doing nothing is utterly confusing. This film has all the issues of a short running time and none of the advantages of the quite long running time it actually has. We get long segments of clunky exposition explaining the basics of the world followed by painfully long scenes where nothing happens. Key concepts of the film are never properly explained, such as the use of real names and the nature of the dragons. The conclusion of the film so heavily relies on these two ideas that they should probably have been explained more, or at all.

‘Tales from Earthsea’ has a real issue with scale. The evil wizard Cob just happens to live within walking distance of Tenar’s farm? Her farm in the middle of nowhere just happens to be placed within walking distance of the giant Hort Town? This wouldn’t be as much of an issue if we didn’t see the characters keep easily moving between these locations. We are given constant reminders about how big the world is but we are only shown three important locations that happen to be next to each other. Once we lose the scale of the world we lose the scale of the characters. Sparrowhawk’s extensive journey around the world could have taken him a week for all we know. Arren’s distant kingdom might be an hour away.

Now some of the criticism for this film is due to the suggestion that it has stolen or is reusing ideas from other Studio Ghibli films. The two films it most obviously lifts from are ‘Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind’ and ‘Laputa: Castle in the Sky’. Now giving ‘Tales from Earthsea’ the benefit of the doubt, I suspect that these resemblances may be somewhat explainable as more than simple theft. 

Hayao Miyazaki wanted to adapt the ‘Earthsea’ books for a very long time. When he couldn’t get the rights to the series, many of the themes and ideas he had developed fed into ‘Nausicaa’. I suspect to some extent some of the ideas also fed into ‘Laputa’, what with the two films being developed back to back.

The real question is, are the ideas being reused the original ideas intended for Miyazaki’s ‘Earthsea’ film? Did Goro Miyazaki and the rest of Studio Ghibli make a conscious effort to use these ideas again for that very reason? I suspect that any original notes of Miyazaki’s they could find were used as inspiration, so I wouldn’t be surprised if this was the case. Now assuming that this is what happened, why would they do this? Did they do it out of respect or out of some kind of desperate hope of reflected glory? Hiring Miyazaki’s son to direct would suggest the latter.

For whatever reason this ‘referencing’ is still a bizarre creative decision. Even if these ideas were originally intended for another film, they’ve still been used elsewhere. It’s also a bizarre decision since a lot of effort has been made by Goro to inject his own personality into the film, why focus on his dad’s personality so much also?

Another criticism that people tend to throw at this movie is that the creator of the ‘Earthsea’ books, Ursula Le Guin, hates it. Now I have very little pity towards Le Guin on this. She had Hayao Miyazaki attempt to gain the rights to adapt her books back in his prime. Le Guin turned Miyazaki down without even watching his work and he went on to do other stuff. She eventually bothered to watch one of his films twenty years later and changed her mind, giving him permission. She then discovered that Hayao Miyazaki wanted to retire and agreed to let his son, Goro Miyazaki, direct it instead.

Le Guin’s main complaint is that ‘Tales from Earthsea’ wasn’t a brilliant Hayao Miyazaki film… Maybe she should have thought about that twenty years earlier when she was turning him down, sight unseen. Maybe, heaven forbid, she should have considered that Goro Miyazaki might make a different film, what with him being a different person and all. I appreciate that she feels her work and her fans were disrespected but she was the one who agreed to it.

Now I’ve been pretty negative towards ‘Tales from Earthsea’ so far. That’s primarily because it isn’t that great a movie on the whole. That being said I do like quite a few things about it.

The first half of the film is absolutely terrible but the second half is actually pretty decent. At approximately the halfway point ‘Tales from Earthsea’ remembers that it has characters and bothers to introduce them to the audience. Therru is particular is extensively fleshed out and becomes a very likable character.

The main villain Cob is very effective, both in writing and design. Even Arren’s horrible personality is salvaged to a certain extent in this second half. Arren’s battle, both in mind and body against Cob is nicely handled. In particular I really like the rising fear in Cob. Cob’s dream of immortality and the realisation of his impending death are really nicely handled, making him one of the stronger Ghibli villains.

Visually speaking ‘Tales from Earthsea’ is one of the most attractive of the Studio Ghibli films. Where Hayao focussed on light colours and overall composition, Goro focusses on blacks and browns and fine details. Goro seems to have a natural understanding of colour and how to use it, creating high contrast, highly dynamic images in the process. 

Surfaces have incredibly realistic reflections, lights have real warmth. The design work that moves away from the Ghibli house style is also very strong in ‘Tales from Earthsea’. The dragons, in particular, are very distinct and show Goro’s aesthetic sensibilities perfectly.

The sound design and music are also very strong. The sound design manages what the script doesn’t and sells the world. The way the wind can be heard to wrap around the objects is incredible. The scraping echoes and whispering winds help sell a sense of three-dimensional depth to the world that few films manage to do. The music is also extremely good and adds a further sense of a larger world, one with different cultures and instruments.

So ‘Tales from Earthsea’ has more than its fair share of issues. That being said I find it very hard to truly dislike it. ‘Tales from Earthsea’ suffers from the creative decisions of a first time director but it also shows the promise of a man with a distinct vision for his animations. Goro Miyazaki shows with this film that he has an understanding, albeit undeveloped, of the darkness in humanity, one that Hayao shied away from. Hopefully Goro will have the chance to develop his voice further as ‘Tales from Earthsea’ shows glimpses of genius, even if they are almost entirely limited to the second half of the film.

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Gotham Season 1 Episode 5 'Viper' Review

A dangerous new drug has hit the streets of Gotham. A man with a mangled ear is handing out this new drug, Viper, to the unfortunates living in the slums of Gotham. When inhaled, Viper gives those who take it super strength but kills them within a few hours. Who is manufacturing Viper and why is it being given away for free? It’s up to Gordon and Bullock to figure out these mysteries and stop the ever increasing death toll.

So yeah, I’d give a spoiler warning but the big twist of this episode is obvious from about thirty seconds in. A junkie is given a vial of green liquid that immediately gives him super strength. When the episode eventually reveals that Viper is an early form of Bane’s Venom it seems somewhat anti-climactic.

One of the frequent issues with Gotham is the intended audience, or audiences, it wants to reach. Gotham has a bizarre split between trying to be a crime procedural, such as the wire and trying to be a superhero show like Smallville. This episode in particular really suffers from attempting to reach these two completely different audiences. As I’ve said previously 'Gotham' is at its best when it is dealing with morally grey themes, when it is being subtle. Subtlety and super strength do not play well together.

For example, one scene of this episode features Maroni threatening Gordon. The Penguin has been beaten by Maroni in order to gain the truth about his past. Gordon is kidnapped to corroborate this story. This sequence is tense as Gordon is made aware that if his story and the Penguin’s do not match, they will both die. Gordon has no idea what Penguin has said so he is forced to tell the absolute truth, the truth that may still get him killed if it differs from the ‘truth’ that the penguin has given Maroni earlier.

This scene is brilliant. It is a really strong idea and it is very well executed. What makes this scene so successful is the grittiness of it, the real world menace. Later on we get a scene where an old man gives a supervillain speech before taking Viper and destroying his Zimmer frame…

To say 'Gotham' has a problem with inconsistent tone would be somewhat of an understatement. I’m not saying that Batman has to be gritty to be successful. The success of Batman in a variety of tonally different productions has shown that the universe is very adaptable. That being said the 1960’s Batman television show never had a scene where a screaming man was burned alive.

The abrupt tonal shifts are only one of the problems in this episode. The script in general seems to barely hold together. If a stranger handed you a green vial that simply said “Breath Me” on the side, what would you do? Gotham attempts to explain that the people who chose to take it are desperate junkies but this justification doesn’t really work for me. The people taking it have no idea of what it might be; they don’t even know that it’s a drug. The bottle could be filled with toilet cleaner for all they know and yet they immediately use it? I appreciate that an effort has been made to show the desperate nature of the downtrodden in Gotham but this still seems pretty unbelievable.

The reasoning behind why the villain is handing out the drug is also really badly explained. He is trying to stop a drugs company doing something unethical by killing innocent people. Suggesting a character is insane does not automatically justify them doing stupid things. Part of what makes insanity a threatening concept is the alternate skewed versions of reality it creates in the subject.

Irrational behaviour is completely rational to the person doing it. As a writer it is your job to present the motivation, however strange, of your characters. Or you can do what they actually did in the episode and just have Jim Gordon loudly point out that the motivation of the villain doesn’t make sense and hope that the audience will just accept it. Jim Gordon has accepted that the world doesn’t make sense so who are you to argue?

This over-reliance on universal chaos and insanity is becoming a worrying element of modern writing. Many writers try and inject reality into their work by adding an element of random spontaneity to it. Very little of what happens in the world is truly unexplainable however; most things happen due to some level of logical progression, even if that logical progression is hard to fathom. 

Most writers simply use chaos to fill plots holes. They take the attitude that the real world isn’t a well edited narrative so a realistic depiction of the world shouldn’t feature traditional narrative elements. The primary issue with this is that the human mind is preconditioned to find narrative in the world around us. We take events that happen around us and form them into a logical sequence to allow us to understand them. Good and Bad luck are entirely attributed to this view of the world, with good and bad events bound to eventually follow unconnected triggers.

We as an audience expect things to make sense, for them to be explained. We don’t have to like what happened or how it happened but we do need to understand why it happened. This explanation doesn’t have to be direct and in depth; Karma can be enough of a driving force to create a narrative! All you have to do to give a villain basic motivation is make them evil, that’s fine. Once you start suggesting that somebody is insane you open yourself up to a lot of questions that need to be answered. If you don’t answer these questions your writing immediately loses any sense of reality you attempted to add.

So, rant over, what is good about this episode? Surprisingly even with the above complaints Gotham remains an enjoyable show. The cast remain fantastic and it’s nice to see an ensemble show with no obvious weak links performance wise. Sean Pertwee is becoming one of Gotham’s best characters in the form of Alfred. It’s nice to see Alfred realise that he has to enter Bruce’s world in order to watch over him. For all the issues that Gotham has in terms of tone it manages mood brilliantly. The universe of Gotham is feeling increasingly dark and unstable as the series progresses.

Don’t let the huge negative to positive ratio let you think I didn’t enjoy this episode. The reason I rant about the flaws in Gotham is because it has the potential to be a truly great show and keeps making stupid mistakes that hold it back. Hopefully future episodes will be more consistent but even ‘bad’ Gotham is still pretty good.